৬ Free Read $0.00 [ ⪊ The Man Who Ate His Boots: The Tragic History of the Search for the Northwest Passage ] 䵨 PDF Author Anthony Brandt ဈ

৬ Free Read $0.00 [  ⪊ The Man Who Ate His Boots: The Tragic History of the Search for the Northwest Passage ] 䵨 PDF Author Anthony Brandt ဈ ৬ Free Read $0.00 [ ⪊ The Man Who Ate His Boots: The Tragic History of the Search for the Northwest Passage ] 䵨 PDF Author Anthony Brandt ဈ A QA with Anthony Brandt Question In The Man Who Ate His Boots you tell the rousing and often horrifying story of the search for the Northwest Passage, the holy grail of nineteenth century British exploration Why did so many people invest such time, energy, and effort in to this search Anthony Brandt Theres no simple answer In part it had seemed since the 16th century when the Spanish and the Portuguese were claiming all the easier routes to the Far East like a peculiarly British mission to find this great unknown route to the East via the north and after 1815, when the Napoleonic Wars ended with such a decisive British victory and the seas were theirs, the chance to use idle ships and idle seamen to find it became too attractive to resist The British now thought they could do anything, no matter how difficult, especially at sea But it was also to some degree the product of one mans enthusiasm, and that was John Barrow, the powerful second secretary of the Admiralty, who believed in an open, unfrozen, polar sea and he had an ally in the first lord of the Admiralty, the second Lord Melville, who supported the idea and was able to gather Parliamentary support The British people were excited by the idea, too, and got behind it. Question Was the mission a fools errand Anthony Brandt It proved to be so, and there were skeptics from the beginning But at the time the Arctic was completely unknown The map was blank above 80 degrees north in all areas, and above 70 degrees north in most Nobody knew what the Arctic Ocean was like, or whether there even was an Arctic Ocean for that matter For all they knew Greenland might extend to Asia, and some mapmakers thought it did Others firmly believed that salt water could not freeze The Greenland whalers knew better, but they werent scientists, they were commercial fishermen, and men like Barrow paid no attention to them They werent gentlemen In retrospect, then, it certainly seems like a fools errand, but life does not happen in retrospect, and what seems foolish now seemed like a noble effort at the time. Question Your title refers to John Franklins 1819 failed expedition where 11 of the 20 men in the exploration party died of starvation and the survivors were forced to eat their boots Franklins expedition is perhaps the most famous, but there were dozens of missions sent to the Arctic in the first half of the nineteenth century, one failure after another Each of the commanding officers felt as if he was prepared for the journey ahead, so what was it that doomed these expeditions to failure and death Anthony Brandt The Arctic is intractable No amount of preparation can ensure a persons safety in an environment full of so much risk The margin of survival is extremely narrow in the Arctic, and even small mistakes the loss of a glove forgetting to bring sun glasses the sudden collapse of an ice floe can kill you, and in a very short time More of Franklins men might have survived in 1821 if he had turned back a week earlier, or even a few days To survive in the Arctic, one must be very bold one must also be very cautious. Question What has been the legacy of these explorers Should we remember them as heroes Anthony Brandt Hero is a word that makes me uneasy One mans hero is anothers devil There are multiple sides to every story I prefer the word courageous Parry, Franklin, the two Rosses whatever one thinks of the project they were engaged on, there can be no question of their courage One holds ones breath as Lt Parry picks his way between the ice and the shoreline, half blinded by fog sometimes, hoping the wind doesnt shift and trap him between an ice floe perfectly capable of turning his ship into splinters and a shoreline composed of solid rock These men were often religious, and one cant help but think that they would almost have to be, to do what they did. Question The Man Who Ate His Boots is full of eccentric characters, many of whom bicker with each other in highly entertaining public battles If you had to pick one, which historical character was most fun for you to bring to life Anthony Brandt I suppose egotistical, cranky, battleworn, and almost always wrong John Ross was my favorite sailor on this trip For me he gave the stereotype of the British eccentric new levels of meaning, and it was always fun to watch him mess things up The fact that he had once been run through with a bayonet added a bit of spice to his character, and his pamphlet wars with various enemies were always entertaining But for sheer love I ll opt for Lady Jane, John Franklin s wife and one of the most extraordinary women of her time, surely the most intrepid woman traveler of the first half of the 19th century I keep hoping someone will write a new biography of her I got carried away a few times and devoted too much space to her and had to cut back I think the memorial to her husband in Westminster Abbey should really be a memorial to her. Question Thanks to global warming, in the summer of 2007, the Northwest Passage opened to ship traffic What can you tell us about the future of the Northwest Passage Anthony Brandt I wish I knew, so that I could invest in it But, joking aside, the Passage was open in 2007 and 2008, but not in 2009 I doubt that it will be open reliably every summer for a while, perhaps a decade But inevitably, if warming continues at the present rate, I dont see how it wont open every summer by 2020, and that will cut thousands of miles off the present sea routes to the Pacific from the Atlantic, and vice versa, reducing costs for shippers all over the world Is this a good thing Obviously, only in the short term, and only for shippers and possibly oil and natural gas producers, if they find as much oil and natural gas as they think exists in the Arctic Basin Already the Northwest Passage is a tourist attraction of sorts, and a Russian icebreaker makes the trip every summer with paying passengers Maybe theyll take me along on one of these trips Id like to see it, if I can sleep in a warm cabin and eat good food while Im there.Whether it is Gordon of Khartoum or Scott of the Antarctic, British imperial history is replete with heroic failures, deemed martyrs for the Empire Brandt, the editor of the National Geographic Adventure series, illustrates that the search for the fabled Northwest Passage provides a good share of such men Once geographers realized that the Americas were new continents rather than the edge of Asia, the discovery of an all water route through the landmass to the Pacific became a goal for European imperial powers For the nineteenth century British explorers, it was the equivalent of the Holy Grail In a practical sense, the passage was non existent because the waters north of Canada were icebound all year That didnt prevent a parade of adventurous, often heroic, and sometimes foolhardy British mariners from challenging the ice in an incredibly hostile environment.This is a superior tale of nobility, hubris, and sadly, futility Jay Freeman Iron Man Wikipedia Iron is a fictional superhero appearing in marvel movies American comic books published by Marvel ComicsThe character was co created writer and editor Stan Lee, developed scripter Larry Lieber, designed artists Don Heck Jack KirbyThe made his first appearance Tales of Suspense cover dated March , received own title May Pac Pac Japanese Hepburn Pakkuman stylized as PAC MAN, an arcade game Namco released Japan Puck It video designer Toru IwataniIt licensed for distribution the United States Midway Games October Immensely popular from its original release to present day, Definition Man A blog hottest male models, actors, unknown men around world EVER DREAM THIS MAN every night throughout In January New York, patient well known psychiatrist draws face man that has been repeatedly her dreams Invisible Ralph Ellison Fulfillment FBA service we offer sellers lets them store their 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    • $0.00
    • 464 pages
    • The Man Who Ate His Boots: The Tragic History of the Search for the Northwest Passage
    • Anthony Brandt
    • English
    • 2016-05-09T21:18+02:00