⇩ New ⑅ Palaces for the People: How Social Infrastructure Can Help Fight Inequality, Polarization, and the Decline of Civic Life 2018 ⩴ ePUB Author Eric Klinenberg ⪾

⇩ New ⑅ Palaces for the People: How Social Infrastructure Can Help Fight Inequality, Polarization, and the  Decline of Civic Life 2018 ⩴ ePUB Author Eric Klinenberg ⪾ ⇩ New ⑅ Palaces for the People: How Social Infrastructure Can Help Fight Inequality, Polarization, and the Decline of Civic Life 2018 ⩴ ePUB Author Eric Klinenberg ⪾ Chapter OneA Place to GatherIts a balmy Thursday morning in the New Lots neighborhood of East New York, Brooklyn, 70 degrees and sunny on the last day of March The sidewalks have awakened Small groups of middle aged men banter outside bodegas and on stoops of the small, semidetached brick houses that are common in the area Mothers and grandmothers push strollers and watch over preschool children who hop and skip and revel in the unseasonable warmth It seems early for recess, but the schoolyards are buzzing Traffic is light on the narrow residential streets, but occasionally someone honks, a motorcycle engine fires, a truck roars past.Street life in East New York is busy, but not always congenial The district is one of the poorest in New York City, with about half the residents living below the poverty line Its also one of the most segregated Nearly 95 percent of residents are black or Latino, and only 1 percent are white Social scientists sometimes call East New York socially isolated, because its peripheral location and limited public transit options restrict access to opportunities in other parts of the city, while people who dont live there have little reason to visit and strong incentives to stay away.The area is among the most violent neighborhoods in New York City, with especially high levels of homicide, felony assault, and sexual assault Conditions like these are bad for everyone, but research shows that theyre particularly treacherous for older, sick, and frail people, who are prone to hunkering down in their apartments and growing dangerously isolated when they live in inhospitable physical environments Thats not only what I observed in the Chicago heat wave its what social scientists who conduct large scale studies of isolation have found as well.Living in a place like East New York requires developing coping strategies, and for many residents, the vulnerable older and younger ones in particular, the key is to find safe havens As on every other Thursday morning this spring, today nine middle aged and elderly residents who might otherwise stay home alone will gather in the basement of the neighborhoods most heavily used public amenity, the New Lots branch library.At first glance, its an uninviting facility The run down, two story brown brick building is set back behind a wide sidewalk and bus stop, with a beige stone facade at the entry, a broken chain link fence on one side and a small asphalt parking lot on the other In recent years the city designated the library site African Burial Ground Square, because it sits atop a cemetery used to inter slaves and soldiers during the Revolutionary War.The library is small, and its already crowded despite the early hour and the good weather There are two banks of computer terminals with Internet access on the first floor, and patrons, sometimes than one, at every machine Theres a small display case holding photographs and short biographies of Nobel Prize winners tall wooden bookshelves with new releases, atlases, and encyclopedias an information desk with flyers promoting library events for toddlers, young readers, teens, parents, English language students, and older patrons One librarian asks if I need anything Another stacks books.I ask to see the second floor, and Edwin, a sweet and soft spoken information supervisor, takes me upstairs Here there are three separate universes A designated childrens space, which is worn but, Edwin says, about to get renovated a set of tables for English language courses, which are always oversubscribed and, in the back, a classroom that serves as the librarys Learning Center, a place where anyone over age seventeen whos reading below GED level can get special instruction, individually and in groups.Everyone is welcome at the library, regardless of whether theyre a citizen, a permanent resident, or even a convicted felon And all of it, Edwin reminds me, is free.I tell Edwin that Im here for the event in the basement community room, and it turns out hes heading there too We walk downstairs together and he points out the buildings deterioration The shelves, ceilings, stairwells, and wall panels are wearing out Wires are exposed There are rusted toilets and sinks in the bathroom The doors dont close properly In the community room theres an aging, cream colored linoleum floor, glaring fluorescent lights, wood paneling, and a small stage strewn with plastic stacking chairs I think about the burial ground that was here and I realize we cant be far from the bones.The community room serves many purposes theater, classroom, art studio, civic hall But this morning two staff members, Terry and Christine, will transform it into something unusual a virtual bowling alley Theyve arrived early to set up a flat screen television, link an Xbox to the Internet, clear out a play space, and assemble two rows of portable chairs Its opening day of the Library Lanes Bowling League, a new program that encourages older patrons in twelve libraries in Brooklyn to join local teams and compete against neighboring branches Nine people at New Lots signed up to play, and after weeks of practice, theyre about to take on Brownsville and Cypress Hills.Branch libraries offer something for everyone, but the extra services and programming that they provide for older people are particularly important As of 2016, than twelve million Americans aged sixty five and above live by themselves, and the ranks of those who are aging alone is growing steadily in much of the world Although most people in this situation are socially active, the risk of isolation is formidable A fall, an illness, or the inevitable advance toward frailty can render them homebound If older friends and neighbors move away or die, their social networks can quickly unravel If they get depressed, their interest in being out in the world can diminish Street crime discourages everyone from going outdoors and socializing in public, but its particularly intimidating for the old In neighborhoods where crime is high or the social infrastructure is depleted, old people are likely to stay home, alone, simply because they lack compelling places to go.New Lots has its library, though, and today the doors open at 10 a.m Soon after, ten patrons, eight women and two men one whos here to watch ranging in age from fifty to nearly ninety, walk downstairs Among them are Miss Jonny, who sports wraparound sunglasses, tall red boots, a black and red polka dot scarf, and a gray newsboy cap Theres Suhir, in a seafoam sweat suit and a white hijab Santon, a soft spoken man from Guyana, dons a blue baseball cap and loose fitting green trousers Una, Bern, Salima, Miba, Daisy, and Jesse round out the crew They greet one another warmly Some women hug A few clasp hands Daisy gives Una a gentle high five that turns into a longer touch and a smile.Terry, an ebullient library information specialist with big eyes and a dazzlingly bright smile, hands each player a royal blue bowling shirt with a white public library logo on the front pocket and team new lots in yellow on the sleeve Terry is the teams coach and cheerleader, and shes trying to pump them up for the match Christine, a veteran librarian who wears rectangular glasses and holds a pencil and a phone in her shirt pocket, is the lead organizer, having recruited participants from the computer classes and book clubs she leads at the library Terry and Christine walk around the room and help the participants get into their uniforms, buttoning and pulling them down so they wont snag when its time to bowl.When everyone is outfitted the players take their seats, making small talk and tapping their toes in anticipation Christine tries to link the Xbox to the machine in the basement at the Brownsville Library, where their opponents, invisible to us but no doubt similarly composed, have put on their own uniforms and settled in for the match It worked perfectly in practice, but this time theres something wrong with the connection Christine calls Brownsville Yes, theyre there, just working on the WiFi In a few minutes, the machines are in sync and the game is on.Brownsville goes first and the team watches the ball roll up the side of the alley, taking out a few pins but leaving most upright Theres some rumbling and a bit of nervous laughter coming from the seats It grows louder when the next roll leaves the opponents frame open Everyone knows they can win.Jesse bowls first for New Lots, and shes not fooling around Come on, Jesse Terry shouts Her teammates clap enthusiastically Lets do this now Terry calls out again Jesse approaches the screen and stops at the designated spot about fifteen feet in front of it She seizes the hand control, raises her right arm to the sky until the Xbox registers her presence, and reaches out 90 degrees to take the ball On screen, the ball rises to show that shes ready Jesse reaches back and sweeps her arm forward, as if she were rolling a ball up the alley Its a powerful roll, and at first it seems on target but it winds up too true to center and three pins stay standing Some in the group applaud Some sigh in exasperation Jesse looks incredulous You got this Terry yells You good Jesse approaches the ball again, looking determined She lifts, rolls, nails the spare The room erupts.The New Lots bowlers kill it, extending their lead frame after frame They are old, and some are enfeebled, probably too weak to hold an actual ball Only one player had ever participated in an old fashioned bowling league, the kind that requires gutters, slick shoes, and a shiny wood floor Robert Putnam famously lamented the demise of these leagues during the late twentieth century Their disappearance, he argued, signaled a worrisome decline in social bonds But here a group of people who could easily be at home, cut off from friends and neighbors, is involved in something greater than deep play Theyre participating, fully and viscerally, in collective life The mood is electric Turn by turn, the players stand, boosted by their teammates applause and the librarians exhortations, salute the screen, and demolish their digital targets Im feelin for Brownsville right now, Terry exclaims But not too much The teams confidence is soaring when the second match gets going, but it doesnt take long to see that Cypress Hills is for real The opponents go first and its a strike Jesse responds with a strike of her own Then Cypress Hills rolls another, and Terry makes fish lips, popping her eyes in disbelief Suhir makes a spare New Lots is in it But then Cypress gets a turkey, three strikes in a row, and Terry is incredulous Theres some funny business going on here she insists Thats Walter, the Cypress Hills librarian I know thats Walter Ima call him out.She doesnt, though, and the Cypress Hills team gradually pulls away despite strong performances from most of the New Lots players The game goes by quickly and the mood, naturally, is subdued When it ends theres a short pause and a little confusion about what will happen We should ask them for a rematch, Christine says I think we can beat em.Christine jumps on the phone, a landline attached to the wall, and reaches Walter at the other library She ribs him a little That wasnt you bowling, was it She smiles for a beat Uh huh Right Well, hey, its still early, you guys want to do another They did, and in a few moments theyre back at it again.This time New Lots takes nothing for granted Terry, whos decided that if Walter is playing then she is also, jumps in and knocks down everything Santon hits a spare Its all you, Miss Jonny Terry shouts, and Miss Jonny makes her first strike of the morning Bern follows with another perfect roll, then Una does the same, and now New Lots has its own turkey and a sizable lead Terry is ecstatic She screams out encouragement and struts around the room in circles with each strike or spare When Jesse seals the victory with a strike in the tenth frame, the entire group is joyous, like Yankee Stadium after a play off win.There are team photos, high fives, and hugs all around Christine tells the players that there will be trophies for the top teams and a giant trophy for the library that wins everything Miba, feeling bold and full of swagger, suggests that they just engrave New Lots on it now and bring the trophy over Her teammates are in hysterics, their smiles as deep as a lifetime.The celebration lasts just a few minutes Its noon, the players are hungry, and there are hours of sunshine ahead I congratulate the team and wish them good luck on the season Thanks, Terry says We gonna be fine.I leave feeling uplifted by the cheering, the camaraderie, the joy of watching people who hardly know one another turn their neighborhood into a community It was a rare moment of what the great French sociologist Emile Durkheim called collective effervescence, and I hadnt expected it, not at the library.Today, we may have every reason to feel atomized and alienated, distrustful and afraid and the demographics are as challenging as the politics There are people living alone than at any point in history, including than a quarter of Americans over the age of sixty five, who are at particular risk of becoming isolated Thats worrisome, because, as a large body of scientific research now shows, social isolation and loneliness can be as dangerous as publicized health hazards, including obesity and smoking But some places have the power to bring us together, and the kind of social bonding I witnessed that morning in Brooklyn happens in thousands of libraries throughout the year.Libraries are not the kinds of institutions that most social scientists, policy makers, and community leaders usually bring up when they discuss social capital and how to build it Since Tocqueville, most leading thinkers about social and civic life have extolled the value of voluntary associations like bowling leagues and gardening clubs without looking closely at the physical and material conditions that make people or less likely to associate But social infrastructure provides the setting and context for social participation, and the library is among the most critical forms of social infrastructure that we have.Its also one of the most undervalued In recent years, modest declines in the circulation of bound books in some parts of the country have led some critics to argue that the library is no longer serving its historic function as a place for public education and social uplift Elected officials with other spending priorities argue that twenty first century libraries no longer need the resources they once commanded, because on the Internet most content is free Architects and designers eager to erect new temples of knowledge say that libraries should be repurposed for a world where books are digitized and so much public culture is online.An illuminating examination Klinenbergs observations are effortlessly discursive and always cogent, whether covering the ways playgrounds instill youth with civic values or a Chicago architects plans to transform a police station into a community center He persuasively illustrates the vital role these spaces play in repairing civic life Publishers Weekly starred If America appears fractured at the national level, the author suggests, it can be mended at the local one This is an engrossing, timely, hopeful read, nothing less than a new lens through which to view the world and its current conflicts Booklist starred Eric Klinenberg combines a Jane Jacobs eye on city life with knowledge of the latest research and practical ideas to address the crucial issues of the dayclass division, crime, and climate change This is a brilliant and important book.Arlie Hochschild, author of Strangers in Their Own LandReading Palaces for the Peopleis an amazing experience As an architect, I know very well the importance of building civic places concert halls, libraries, museums, universities, public parks, all places open and accessible, where people can get together and share experiences.To create good places for people is essential, and this is what I share with Klinenberg We both believe that beauty, this kind of beauty, can save the world Renzo PianoThis fantastic book reminds us that democracy is fortified and enlivened by people coexisting together in public, and that good design and support of a wide variety of public spaces can produce those mysterious things we call community, membership, a sense of belonging, a place, maybe a polity In an age where the push for disembodiment and never leaving the house and fearing and avoiding strangers and doing everything as fast as possible is so powerful, this book makes the case for why we want to head in the opposite direction Its both idealistic and, in its myriad examples, pragmatic, and delightfully readable.Rebecca Solnit, author of Men Explain Things to Meand A Field Guide to Getting LostWow A comprehensive, entertaining, and compelling argument for how rebuilding social infrastructure can help heal divisions in our society and move us forward I can t wait for people in my ideological bubble to ignore it Jon StewartAt a time when polarization is weakening our democracy, Eric Klinenberg takes us on a tour of the physical spaces that bind us together and form the basis of civic life We care about each other because we bump up against one another in a community garden or on the playground or at the library These are not virtual experiences theyre real ones, and theyre essential to our future This wonderful book shows us how democracies thrive Steven Levitsky and Daniel Ziblatt, authors of How Democracies DieEric Klinenberg believes that social life can be designed well, just as good buildings are.His book is full of hope, which is all the striking because Klinenberg is a realist.He is a major social thinker, and this is a beautifully written, major book.Richard Sennett, Professor of Sociology, London School of EconomicsFine reading for community activists seeking to expand the social infrastructure of their own home places Kirkus Reviews Shabazz Palaces Booking Agent Australia, Mexico, New Zealand, North America South Robin Taylor Inland Empire Touring robin inlandempiretouring Official Site Historic Royal Welcome to Palaces Experience history where it happened as we bring our six palaces and their stories life Book your tickets online today ThePalaces OUR WINNERS We use cookies on this site enhance user experience by clicking any link page you are giving consent for us set cookie Seoul Wikipedia Seoul s o l , like soul Korean lit Capital officially the Special City, is 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images capture bygone age Romanov splendor that will captivate art lovers historians alike Situated just south St Petersburg A list King Henry VIII Houses A royal houses adapted Simon Thurley map showing distribution Going Solo Extraordinary Rise Surprising Appeal eye opening statistics, original data, vivid portraits people who live alone, sociologist Eric Klinenberg upends conventional wisdom deliver definitive take how rise going solo transforming American Modern Romance Aziz Ansari, Modern York Times Bestseller hilarious, thoughtful, depth exploration pleasures perils romance Ansari Palaces People An eminent bestselling author inspiring blueprint rebuilding fractured society living time deep divisions Americans sorting themselves along racial, religious, cultural lines, level polarization hasn t seen Sociological Perspectives Single Person Households Why increasing numbers all over alone Scroll down video summary According recent book Explaining Living, global phenomenon mainly reflects degree individual choice Nautilus Science Connected Nautilus different kind science magazine big picture reporting single monthly topic multiple perspectives Read new chapter story every Thursday Audiobooks Author Audio Editions Browse thousands audiobooks at Editions Heat wave heat period excessively hot weather, which may be accompanied high humidity, especially oceanic climate countries While definitions vary, usually measured relative usual weather area normal temperatures season Temperatures hotter consider can termed cooler if Andrew J Perrin Professional Information I am political Broadly speaking, study teach democratic citizenship United States Archive This Life than episodes, find favorite topic, contributor, year Aziz Love, Online Dating, And Klinenberg, co my book, conducted focus groups hundreds across around world, grilling participants Early was born Columbia, Carolina, Tamil Muslim family Nadu, India grew up Bennettsville, he attended Marlboro Academy well Carolina Governor School Eric NYU Wagner Professor Sociology Director Institute Public Knowledge University He also serves Research Rebuild Design, began federal competition generate innovative infrastructure plans region affected Hurricane Sandy, now helps cities transform address change Klinenberg How Social Infrastructure Can Help Fight Inequality, Polarization, Decline Civic Life Crown EricKlinenberg Twitter Retweeted Donald Trump Think greatest threats humanity change, nuclear war, pandemic disease, poverty On each, Trump, author, bestseller, Romance, his next out September, In People, suggests forward believes future societies rests not simply shared values but spaces libraries, childcare centers, bookstores, churches, synagogues, parks crucial, sometimes saving connections, formed Speaking Bio Videos Lavin Agency To physical places organizations shape interact As outlines timely Life, there expansive historical context necessary, Goodreads Policy Media, Culture, Communications Going professor sociology director coauthor bestseller acclaimed books Heat Wave Our Libraries Schools Are Vital talks about schools, other institutions restore sense common purpose Featured Speakers CSTE Annual Conference Learn More slate Twitter Recently Opinion Restore Civil Society, Start Library Sep University, Living Alone Means Being Times Feb Living Will Save If ERIC KLINENBERG Palaces for the People: How Social Infrastructure Can Help Fight Inequality, Polarization, and the Decline of Civic Life

    • Broché
    • 1524761168
    • Palaces for the People: How Social Infrastructure Can Help Fight Inequality, Polarization, and the Decline of Civic Life
    • Eric Klinenberg
    • Anglais
    • 2017-02-08T09:52+02:00